This is a misconception, and it is emphasised that some herbal ingredients have the capability to cause adverse effects, whilst some are decidedly toxic. Within the context of the monographs on herbal ingredients, most have documented adverse effects, or the potential to interact with other medication, and few can be recommended for use during pregnancy. Tables in the Introduction and appendices at the end of the monographs summarise the safety aspects of these herbal ingredients and give information on biologically active herbal ingredients and their active principles.
Clinical efficacy has not been established for the majority of the herbal ingredients described in this handbook and, in some instances, there is a lack of documentation for chemical constituents and for pharmacological actions. The Herbal Monographs Some monographs on individual herbal ingredients found in herbal products are included, the title used for the monograph being their preferred common name.
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A data sheet-type format was chosen for the monographs because it was felt important to arrange the relevant information in a format familiar to pharmacists, doctors, nurses and other healthcare professionals. Although conventional data sheets are written for products, it was decided to draw up the data sheets for herbal ingredients and not for specific products, although where possible details are provided of the specific products assessed in the studies discussed. The headings used in the herbal monographs are listed below with a brief explanation of the information provided under them. Monograph title Common name for the herbal ingredient; if more than one common name exists, this is the chosen preferred name.
Summary and Pharmaceutical Comment This section is designed to give the reader an overall summary of the monograph contents, indicating the extent of phytochemical, pharmacological and clinical data available for the herbal ingredient, whether or not proposed herbal uses are justified, concerns over safety and, based on this information, whether or not the herbal ingredient is considered suitable for use as a herbal medicine Species Family Preferred botanical name with authority, together with the plant family. Synonym s Other common or botanical names.
Part s Used Plant part s traditionally used in herbal medicine. Pharmacopoeial and Other Monographs Key pharmacopoeial monographs and texts on herbal medicines. Constituents Main documented chemical constituents grouped into categories such as alkaloids type specified , flavonoids, iridoid glycosides, saponins, tannins, triterpenes, volatile oil and other constituents for miscellaneous and minor chemical components.
This information supplements the textual information on constituents. Quality of plant material and commercial products This section has been included for several herbal ingredients commonly encountered in commercial products. It describes studies examining the variation in phytochemical content of crude plant material and marketed products and other aspects relating to product quality, such as differences between actual and labelled content of commercial products. Food Use Provides an indication as to whether the herbal ingredient is used in foods.
The Council of Europe COE category, which reflects the opinion of the COE on the suitability of the herbal ingredient for use as a food flavouring, is quoted where applicable. Herbal Use States the reputed actions and uses of the herbal ingredients, based on information from several sources. In some instances, current investigations of particular interest are included. Photographs Provided for most of the monographs for the crude drug substance and the plant from which it originates.
As we do not provide botanical, macroscopical or microscopical descriptions, these photographs are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to be used for identification purposes. Where possible, dosages typically used in clinical trials are included. This is further divided into a section on In vitro and animal studies and a Clinical studies section, which describes studies involving humans.watch
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If side-effects or toxicity are generally associated with any of the constituents in the herbal ingredient, or with its plant family, then these are mentioned here. See also Table 1 and Table 2 in the Introduction. Contra-indications, Warnings Describes potential contra-indications and potential side-effects, and individuals who may be more susceptible to a particular side-effect. This section should be used in conjunction with Appendices 1—3. Comments on Pregnancy and lactation are included; a summary is provided in Table 3 of the Introduction.
Preparations Describes product information from over 35 countries. Arranged in two sections, the first section lists by country the proprietary names product names of preparations containing the single herbal ingredient described in the monograph.
The second section lists by country products that contain multiple ingredients including the herbal ingredient described in the monograph. Specific suppliers of preparations are shown in Appendix 4 along with the supplier contact information in Appendix 5. References References are included at the end of the text on each monograph. There is considerable literature on herbal plants and general references have been selected for use with the handbook.
For some well-known herbal ingredients only general references are cited. The majority of the monographs also contain specific references which are cited at the end of each monograph. General References.
G7 toxicity data traditional uses recommended treatment vitro vitro and animal volatile oil. Photographs reproduced with permission. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the copyright holder. Disclaimer Inclusion of a substance or preparation in Herbal Medicines is not to be considered a recommendation for use, nor does it confer any status on the substance or preparation.
This third edition has been extensively revised and updated.
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It aims to answer the questions raised for the healthcare professional by providing scientifically rigorous, impartial information on medical herbs. Herbal medicinal products are increasing in popularity in the developed world and continue to be an important healthcare approach in developing countries.
However, alongside the widespread use of herbal medicines, there are many concerns about their quality, safety and efficacy. Herbal Medicines provides a comprehensive single source of scientifically rigorous, impartial information on over of the most commonly used herbal medicinal products. Written by experts in the fields of pharmacognosy, phytochemistry, phytopharmacy, clinical herbal medicines, phytopharmacovigilance and regulation of herbal medicinal products, Herbal Medicines is an invaluable reference text for pharmacists and other healthcare professionals who require evidence-based information on herbal medicines used for treatment and prevention of health problems.
This is one of the best examples so far of a useful guide for physicians and clinical herbalists Ethnomedicines for Jaundice used in tribal areas of North Maharashtra. Natural Product Radiance. Bauer R.
Herbal Medicines, 3rd Edition
Quality criteria and standardization of phytopharmaceuticals: Can acceptable drug standard can be achieved. Journal of Drug Information. Vaidya ADB. Devasagayam TPA. Current status of herbal drugs in India: An overview. J Clin Biochem. World Health Organization, Geneva. Quality of Herbal Medicinal Products Guidelines. Archana a, anubha k. Standardization of herbal drugs : an overview.
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International research journal of pharmacy. Guidelines for the Assessment of Herbal Medicines. Neeraj C, Bhupinder SS. An overview of advances in the standardization of herbal drugs. J Pharm Educ Res. Rajini M, Kanaki NS. Standardization of herbal drugs and polyherbal formulations. Bioactive Molecules and Medicinal Plants.
Mosihuzzaman M, Choudary MI. Protocols on safety, efficacy, standardization and documentation of herbal medicine.
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