Nuts were pounded into meal to be used in breads, soups, and for seasonings; they were also ground in a mortar with water to make a flavorful nut "milk" to add to various dishes.
Nut oils were rendered by boiling the nutmeats and meal, then skimming off the oil. This nutritious staple was used to prepare and to season vegetables, potherbs, and meats, and to spread on breads. The breads were usually "cakes" made by mixing cornmeal with what was left in the bottom of the pot after nut oils were rendered, and then frying this batter in hot fat or roasting it in hot coals.
The acorns were pounded into flour and boiled in water containing maple-wood ashes, whereupon the oil was skimmed off. The flour was retained and used in breads and cereals. This was especially well used in their various corn preparations. They are also easily ground into a nutritious flour. The dense hazelnut bush flourishes throughout the northeastern United States, bordering fields, hedgerows, and woods. They are becoming somewhat scarce in many regions.
Both produce delicious nuts, tough to crack but worth the effort. The nut butter can be prepared by smashing the husked nuts and boiling in water until the nutmeats and oils rise to the surface and can be skimmed off, while the shell pieces settle to the bottom of the pot. The oil can then be separated from the meats, which can, in turn, be dried and used as a tasty flour.
Native Harvests: E. Barrie Kavasch: Trade Paperback: Powell's Books
The only noted Indian remedy for whooping cough records that the chestnut leaves are steeped, with the resulting tea used as a warm astringent drink. The autumn nuts were a highly valued food crop among northeastern Indians and settlers. Once widespread, the American chestnut has been attacked and almost eradicated from our forests by an Oriental fungus blight, which struck our continent in Experimental forestry is working to inhibit the deadly fungus, and a few American chestnuts are able to resist the blight with the help of a hypovirulent fungus that seems to be able to combat the initial infection.
The delectable chestnut is one of the most popular nuts to roast. Approximately 11 percent protein and 7 percent fat, it is a nutritious and versatile food source with numerous culinary uses. The seeds are an excellent protein source raw or roasted. Sunflower seed oil is extracted by bruising and boiling the seeds, then skimming the oily residue off the broth.
Native Harvests American Indian Wild Foods & Recipes
The ground paste, retaining its natural oil, makes a fine butter. The roasted seeds and shells make an interesting coffee drink. Mix the cornmeal and syrup into the ground seeds, 1 tablespoonful at a time, to make a stiff dough. Shape into firm, flat cakes 3 inches in diameter. Spread clean seeds on foil-covered baking sheets. Sprinkle lightly with oil. May be flavored with such herbs as oregano, mint, coltsfoot, and so on.
click here Roast at [degrees] F until crisp and brown — about 20 minutes. Serve immediately, or cool and store in airtight containers. Grind 1 cup or more shelled dried nuts or seeds into a paste, using stones, a mortar and pestle, blender, or food processor. Many nut butters paste are sweet enough plain. However, others may require a teaspoon or two of honey or maple syrup mixed in to taste.
This excellent, nutritious topping is great on homemade breads and cakes, or served with fresh fruit, or on fresh, crisp vegetables.
- The Dirac Equation and Its Solutions?
- Nonlinear Functional Analysis and Its Applications/Part 2 (Proceedings of Symposia in Pure Mathematics, Volume 45).
- Join Kobo & start eReading today?
- The Hebrew Scripture: From The Understanding of a Gay Jewish Youth (Religion Book 1);
- Account Options;
Nut and seed butters are very rich and should be used sparingly. Keep refrigerated to retard flavor loss and spoilage. Add 1 teaspoon honey and 10 crushed allspice or juniper berries, fresh or dried. Blend together thoroughly and seal in a jar or crock. Keep refrigerated. To 1 cup sunflower seed butter add 2 tablespoons wild mustard seeds, soaked and crushed in 2 tablespoons corn oil and 1 tablespoon bee pollen.
Blend thoroughly and store in a covered jar in the refrigerator. Blend thoroughly and store. Beechnut butter has the greatest keeping quality of all nut butters. Store in a covered jar in the refrigerator. Combine all ingredients thoroughly and pour into a well-greased casserole.
Sprinkle the top with additional hickory nut meats and bake in a preheated [degrees] F oven for 1 hour.
Serve hot. In a large bowl gradually cream together all ingredients. Drop the batter by teaspoonfuls onto greased cookie sheets. Sprinkle the tops with additional nuts if desired. Bake in a preheated [degrees] F oven for 20 minutes. Prepare a 9-inch pie shell of your favorite pastry recipe, or press blended corn meal and nutmeal evenly into a well-greased pie plate. Cream together the whipped eggs and beechnut butter, gradually adding the corn syrup and maple sugar. Turn into the prepared pie shell and bake in a preheated [degrees] F oven for 35 minutes.
Remove the pie from the oven and cover the top evenly with the beechnut meats. Return the pie to the oven and bake for another 20 minutes. This pie recipe can be adapted easily to different nuts. So off they went, hoping that their slice of paradise — pretty much an IRL version of The Scarlet Letter — waited for them somewhere on the Hudson River. Long before their journey, the settlers ignored a couple of things: for example, that Native Indians already had a civilization on that land and stuff.
Anyway, some two months later, the faithful landed near Cape Cod — markedly far from their original destination.
1 GEOGRAPHIC SETTING AND ENVIRONMENT
This might or might not have made their whole land-grab scheme illegal under British law, but whatever. They drafted a social contract on ship, the Mayflower compact. The explorers stumbled upon American Indian graves, which they looted. But it was totally cool, because the burial sites had caches of ceremonial corn, which helped keep them alive. Skip to November He invited American Indian elders to join the festivities. These patriarchs reportedly brought five deer, being total badasses and all.
The breaking of bread — which lasted three days — marks the first Thanksgiving. Historians do think that shellfish and wild fowl abounded, but no word on whether turkey made the bill of fare. In no particular order …. In Wompanoag society, women would tend the fields and the hearth, while the men hunted plentiful wild fowl and hoofed forest beasts. Grits, squash, and powdered seeds and nuts helped thicken this artichoke-laden soup.
Most Native Indian tribes prepared dough from maize, since it grew throughout the Americas. The Wompanoag did, too. At the first Thanksgiving, it is possible that this starchy staple came served with curds — a dairy product similar to modern-day cottage cheese. Many versions of roasted gourd still wind up on the Thanksgiving table — making it one of the only traditional dishes that has been preserved in popular American cookery.
This tart, red fruit comes from the Northeast. A favorite way to prep it? American Indians would blend cranberries with wild rice, sometimes adding other fruits or nuts. Variations of this dish — which reflect the plants of a region — can be found throughout the Americas. This casserole boasts strips of beaten wild fowl, eggs, and chunks of smoked meat.
Typically, wild boar bacon gets used in this dish, but smoked deer meat also works. Garnish with wild chives.